Sunday, September 27, 2015

Lindsley Hall, The Old and the New

On several occasions, I have been asked about Lindsley Hall, a building that was a part of the University of Nashville. Called College Hill and Rutledge Hill, the campus of the University of Nashville, was situated on this hill, to south and above downtown Nashville.  The map shows the layout of the campus in 1908.  Both the original Lindsley Hall and the Chapel Building, which has come to be called Lindsley Hall, are shown.  Market Street, now Second Avenue South runs along the west side, which was the front of the campus

Hopkins Atlas Of Nashville, 1908

 The Old Lindsley Hall

 The original Lindsley Hall was a three story building that was northeast of the chapel building. The photo of the building below, was taken in 1864, during the U. S. Civil War.  The building was being used as a hospital for Federal Officers.  

Lindsley Hall - Hospital for Federal Officers, 1864. (Library of Congress)

Lindsley Hall, (South Nashville Life)

Sanborn Insurance map, Nashville, 1888

On this map we have the advantage of seeing both the old and the new as they were located in 1888.  This corresponds with the 1908 map posted earlier on the page.

The Old Lindsley Hall, 1888

The New Lindsley Hall, Chapel Building, 1888.

 The New Lindsley Hall

The two story building that we know today as Lindsley Hall was a part of the university campus.  It thought to have originally been the Literary Building of the University of Nashville.  It was designed by Adolphus Heiman and constructed in 1853.  It was known early as the Stone Building, and is designated on city maps, in 1888 and 1908, as the Chapel Building.  The photo below was likely taken from the third floor of the original Lindsley Hall building. The two story building in the foreground is the same building, that is today called Lindsley Hall.

View of Nashville, 1864. (Library of Congress)

Below is an early view, date and original source is unknown. I found this and another photo on a blog called South Nashville Life.

New Lindsley Hall, University of Nashville. (South Nashville Life)

This postcard view, from the collection of Nashville historian Mike Slate, is labeled University of Nashville.  It was likely made when the State Normal College, later George Peabody College, occupied the campus.

University of Nashville. (Mike Slate Postcard Collection)

The image below is familiar to many Nashvillians, over the age 50.  In the late 1960's when this photo was taken, Lindsley Hall was home to the Nashville Children's Museum.  Nashville students, in the 1950's and 60's enjoyed many school field trips to the museum.  It was also a favorite weekend and summer destination for children and their families.

Lindsley Hall and Children's Museum, Nashville TN, circa 1967. (Library of Congress)

This is Lindsley Hall today. It began to be called Lindsley Hall sometime in the 20th century, after the original had been demolished.  The building is now used for Metro Government Offices.  The original Lindsley Hall was named in honor of  Dr. Philip Lindsley, the first president of the University of Nashville.

Lindsley Hall, By Nyttend (Own work) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

A composite of three photos taken in 1864, by George N. Barnard from the original Lindsley Hall building, University of Nashville.  These photos can be found on the Library of Congress website. 

Nashville, A Short History and Selected Buildings, edited by Eleanor Graham. Metro Historical Commission, 1974.
Nashville Local Landmarks,,
Library of Congress, Prints and Photos Index,
Composite photo 1,
Composite photo 2,
Composite photo 3,
Mike Slate Postcard Collection,
Hopkin's Atlas of Nashville, 1908
Sanborn Insurance Map, 1888 

Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Nashville Points of Interest 1905

Points of Interest, Southern Education Association, 1905

Tennessee State Capitol, Artwork of Nashville

Carnegie Library, Southern Education Association, 1905

Watkins Institute, TSLA


Vanderbilt University, Southern Education Association, 1905

Peabody College, Southern Education Association, 1905

Belmont College, Southern Education Association, 1905


Boscobel College, Southern Education Association, 1905

Buford College, Southern Education Association, 1905

Ward Seminary, Southern Education Association, 1905

Bowen School, Southern Education Association, 1905

Fogg and Hume Schools, Southern Education Association, 1905

Montgomery Bell Academy, Southern Education Association, 1905

Severy School, Southern Education Association, 1905

University School,

Tennessee School for the Blind, Southern Education Association, 1905

Tennessee Industrial School, Southern Education Association, 1905

The Hermitage, Ladies' Hermitage Association

Andrew Jackson's Tomb, Ladies' Hermitage Association

Confederate Soldiers Home, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

Centennial Park, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

Glendale Park, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

U. S. Post Office and Customs House, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

Belle Meade Mansion, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

Mount Olivet Cemetery, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

Tennessee State Prison, Mike Slate Postcard Collection

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Nashville 1937

Nashville 1937 aerial, Williams Collection, Metro Nashville Archives.

This is a 1937 aerial of the Nashville public square and surrounding area.

Upper left are the street car barns.  This building was used to house street cars until 1941, and buses until 1959. The car barns were torn down for the construction of James Robertson Parkway.  Contrary to popular belief there were never any street car/trolley barns on rolling mill hill.

Upper center is the new 1937 Davidson County Courthouse and the 1897 City Hall.  The city hall was demolished shortly after this photo was made. Above the courthouse is the new 1937 market house and city hall. The 1937 Courthouse and the 1937 Market House are still standing. Upper right is the Publishing House Block, built in the late 1870's and next is the City Hotel Block.  The Publishing House Block was torn down in the early 50's for construction of the Victory Memorial Bridge and the City Hotel Block was demolished in 1976.

In the lower section of the photo, left to right, is the American National Bank building, also known as First National, Fourth and First National Bank , and First American Bank.  It was built in 1916 at Fourth and Union and demolished about 1970 for the construction of a new First American Bank building.  Next is the American Trust Building, built in 1906 as a five story building.  An additional ten stories were added in 1925.  The American Trust Building is still standing. The next building is the Stahlman Building built in 1907.  Because of the demolition of three entire blocks of buildings between First and Third Avenues and Union Street and the Public Square, the Stahlman Building is now just across from the courthouse.  And finally the Washington Manufacturing Building, standing in 2015, and built in the 1870's, is on the lower right.

If you are interested in reading more about Nashville's public square click on the link.

Monday, September 14, 2015

Lebeck Bros on the Nashville Public Square

Passing through the center of most county seat towns, one tours the public square.  It is often a place of the past, with buildings, some centuries old, lining streets and surrounding the county courthouse, which stands in the middle.  So once was, Nashville's public square.  In the early1950's, before the destruction of buildings began, the square looked much like any town, perhaps a bit larger, because of the size of the town it served.  The square was a center of commerce, from the time the first lots were sold in 1784.  Early businesses, shown on an 1804 map, include several store buildings (one was built of logs), and a couple of taverns surrounding the courthouse, market and jail.  The town grew, and more buildings went up.  Fires were frequent, sometimes taking several buildings down, requiring new buildings. An 1832 map highlights two large hotels and a bank on the public square along with many stores selling wares of every description.  From the middle to the late 19th century, several large buildings were erected, and named for the owner, such as the Ensley Block, the Morgan Block, the Hicks Block and the Burns Block. 

The wonderful photograph posted below, of a building on the public square in Nashville, was reason enough to want to know more.  Known as the Burns Block, the building was owned by Michael Burns, an Irishman, who came to Nashville as a young man.  He had learned the saddlery business in his native Ireland, and settled in Nashville in 1839 to practice his trade.  In 1845, Michael Burns purchased the rear section of lot 24 which ran along Market Street between the public square and Union Street.  He started his saddlery business at that location, soon after. In December of 1861, Burns purchased an adjoining part of lot 24, that fronted on the public square. Burns was a very successful businessman.  He was a railroad man, serving as President of the Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad.  He was also a banker, associated with First National, Third National and American National Banks.  He was a close friend to Andrew Johnson, who became President at the death of Abraham Lincoln. Burns served in the Tennessee Legislature in 1882. The building that Burns built, stood at the southwest corner of the public square at Market Street.  News ads and city directory listings mentioning the Burns Block begin to appear in 1871, and that may be the year the building was completed. The building had offices and residential rooms for rent, on the upper floors and the lower floors were used for retail. During the early 1870's several attorneys, including West H. Humphreys, and architect, William C. Smith, had offices in the Burns Block. In 1875, S. Powers and Sons, Clothiers were located on the first floor of the building. In 1879, Powers moved out, and Lebeck Brothers moved in.

Lebeck Bros., Burns Block, Nashville Public Square ca 1890. TSLA

Lebeck Brothers was a dry goods store, operated by brothers, Michael, Louis and Samuel Lebeck.  The store sold dry goods of every sort.  They promised satisfaction to every customer.  One ad for the store stated that Lebeck Bros., "make it a rule to place on sale everything new and desirable as soon as it meets the approval of fashion leaders in New York and Paris."

Late on the night of January 2, 1897, a great fire broke out on the Nashville public square.  It was reported to have started in Lebeck's Store.  When the fire was over, in the early hours of the next morning, the Burns Block and several other building on the Public Square had been destroyed.  The building at the south end of the market house, which was used for City Hall was badly damaged.  Also several buildings on Market Street, were lost. Damages were said to have exceeded $500,000. Lebeck Bros. relocated and was never again on the public square.  Lebeck's was in business in Nashville for about 75 years, in several locations.  When the store finally closed in 1942, it occupied a building at 6th and Church. 

Los Angeles Herald, Jan. 3, 1897
There have been many changes to the public square since the big fire that claimed the Burns Block. Entire blocks were removed and every building on the public square torn down and replaced.  The oldest building remaining from the original square is the Ben West Municipal Bldg, that opened in 1934 as the City Market House.  The location of Lebeck Brothers today,  would be just about in the middle of the Public Sqaure Park in front of the courthouse.

Saturday, July 25, 2015

Inglewood Business History

Each time an old building is demolished to make way for a new one, we all feel a bit of loss and sadness. Gallatin Pike through the Inglewood community is a mixture of old and new.  Many of the buildings that house businesses are relatively new.  The historic treasure of Inglewood lies in the older homes that line several blocks of Gallatin Pike. 

4205 Gallatin Pike, Beck & Beck Real Estate.

When I wonder what was once there, my thoughts always go back to the earliest times in the settlement, when there were only a few farms in the area. The original 640 acre grants the first settlers received for coming here, to settle and protect the area, when it was wilderness.  The plat map below shows just how few landowners lived along the main road, in the 1780's, from McGavock Pike all the way to Neely's Bend Road. 

Map showing grants along Gallatin Pike, 1780's, by Debie Oeser Cox

The original buildings on these farms were built from logs.  Later, larger houses were constructed, often around the log building, so that it remained hidden inside.  A few of the antebellum homesalong Gallatin Pike were Evergreen, Maplewood, Glen Echo, Martha Martin's home, the Maxey house, and William Williams' home.

Evergreen, Maplewood and Glen Echo. Photos from Betty Hadley
As the farms were divided into smaller tracts and finally into neighborhood subdivisions, the older houses began to disappear and newer homes with smaller lots of land were built. As neighborhoods became more densely populated, businesses opened, usually clustered together, around a crossroad. 

The area around the intersection of Gallatin Pike and Greenfield Avenue is certainly a busy one, today.  It has been the location of grocery stores, churches, schools and other businesses for many decades. Still all was quiet and mostly residential in the area, until about 1920 when the growing popularity of the automobile, brought changes.  A filling station and a garage opened nearby on Gallatin Pike. By 1930 there were several groceries, a barber, two drug stores, a restaurant and several filling stations, within a couple of blocks, on either side of the intersection. Following is a brief history of one Inglewood business.

Leslie C. Burrus was an Inglewood businessman from the 1920's until the 1940's.  He opened one of the first businesses, a filling station, on Gallatin Pike, near Greenfield. A Kentucky native, he was living in Inglewood by 1917, when he registered for the draft. World War I was raging in Europe, and in June of 1917, he became a was a member of the 114 Field Artillery Battery E, 30th Division, (Old Hickory) of the Army National Guard.  He served in France with his company, until he was discharged in April of 1919.

    The 114th & 115th U. S. Field Artillery, 30th Infantry Division marching on Capitol Boulevard.  TSLA

On August 7, 1922, the war hero, Leslie Burrus was once again living in Inglewood, when he married Charlsie Mai Wilkinson. In 1924 the couple purchased a lot at the corner of Gallatin Pike and Masonic Home Road (now Home Road) and that same year opened the Inglewood Burrus Filling Station. The couple also ran a cafeteria in the filling station building.

Inglewood Filling Station, 1925 Nashville Banner - Rotogravure collection, Metro Nashville Archives

A family member of Mr. Burris, in a story written for a Burrus family tree, called him the "Honorary Mayor of Inglewood."  The story goes on to say that Burrus, a successful businessman, started his small station with one gas pump.  He built a new larger building and eventually had 18 pumps, servicing neighborhood cars and the big trucks that traveled Gallatin Pike, in the years before interstate highways.  He and his wife operated a restaurant at the location called the Inglewood Cafeteria.  The family story says the restaurant offered curb service and live "big band" music, performed by Vito Pellettieri and his orchestra.  A 1930's ad for the restaurant states it was  "Home of Toasty Barbecue."

Leslie C. Burrus. proprietor of Inglewood Filling Station. Photo from Vicki Cheesman

Inglewood Filling Station and Cafeteria, ca 1935. Photo from Vicki Cheesman

In the early 40's Leslie Burris retired and leased his restaurant to Gus Gevas.  Gus and his wife Sophie, operated a restaurant called Creamland. Over the next few years the filling station was used for various purpose.  In 1944, Leslie and Charlese sold the property to Crescent Amusement Company.  Crescent bought the Burrus lot and several surrounding parcels.  For the next few years, until 1948 Gus Gevas ran Creamland, which was a neighborhood gathering place for teens.    By 1950, the Burrus building, which had housed the filling station and restaurant, was gone.  The Inglewood Theater opened on the site in 1950.

Inglewood Theater, 1950. Metro Nashville Archives

The Inglewood Theater closed in 1977. The building housed Joywood Salvage for many years.  In the late 1990's the old theater building was razed and an Eckard Drugstore was built on the site.  In 2015 a Family Dollar store is on the site.

Source - Burrus Family Tree, Vicki Cheesman
Source - Nashville City Directories,
Source - Tennessee State Library and Archives
Source - Metro Nashville Archives

Source - Nashville's Inglewood, authors; Crystal Hill Jones, Naomi C. Manning, Melanie J. Meadows

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