Monday, July 25, 2016

Nashville Polar Bears

Polar Bear Plaza, Mutual Contractors, LLC

The Nashville Polar Bears have often been the subject of curious conversation and local news articles.  In the day of social media, questions and stories about the bears turn up on Facebook pages about Nashville's past. 

The bears origin is traced to the shop of Giovacchino Mattei, once located at 4th Avenue and Elm Street.  Mattei, born in Coreglia, Italy in 1889, came to the United States in 1906 and first lived in Louisville, Ky. He joined other members of his family, already living in Louisville.  The Mattei family operated a company that made plaster figurines for home decoration, in Louisville and supplied large departments stores. The Mattei family had been in the plaster relief business for many generations.

I began collecting news articles about the bears, in the late 1980's after I became a volunteer at Metro Nashville Archives.  The first news clipping that stirred my interest in the bears was an old clipping in a file at the archives.  It was a photo of the two of the bears in front of a frozen custard shop, on West End Avenue. 

Polar Bears 1932, Metro Archives Clippings - Unknown Newspaper

The caption reads, "Frozen custard is the stock in trade of the establishment which the two cement polar bears above are tossing imitation snowballs over.  The plant, located on West End Avenue opposite Centennial Park, is one of two established here within the last year, the other being located on the Gallatin Road." 

The West End store was the first to open, in May of 1931.
The Tennessean, May 2, 1931

The Gallatin Road shop opened soon after, in June of 1931.  It was located at the corner of Gallatin Road and Calvin Avenue. 

The Tennessean, June 6, 1931

An ad in the Tennessean, shows the menu and prices in Oct. of 1932.

The Great Depression was not kind to the frozen custard business in Nashville.  The stores were  closed at some point, but both reopened in April of 1933 as George's Place, advertising Polar Bear frozen custard, at both locations.

The Tennessean, April 6, 1933.

 Another ad appeared in late June, advertising frozen custard by the quart and pint.

The Tennessean, June 29, 1933

The unknown George of George's Place apparently didn't last long.  In 1935, the address on Gallatin Road was listed in the city directory as vacant and the West End address listed a gas station.

Not many mentions of the polar bears from 1933 forward, searching through newspaper, directories, and files at the archives.  There was a photo of one of the bears at the South Street location a November 1950 article about cold weather. 

In 1973, one of Edgehill Polar Bears was featured on the album cover of Louden Wainwright, III's, Attempted Mustache, recorded in Nashville.

Attempted Mustache

In 1987, Tennessean staff writer, Lacrisha Butler, tracked down all four bears. That seems to be the first effort to find out where the bears came from, and where they ended up.  Butler knew that two of the bears were located on the front lawn, at 1408 Edgehill Avenue.  The house had previously been the home of Reverend Zema Hill, a Nashville minister and funeral director.  Butler talked to Rev. Hill's son, who said his father bought four bears in the early 40's.  Two were placed at Rev. Hill's home on Edgehill.  The other two were placed in front of his funeral home business, at 1306 South Street.  The funeral home was sold to Patton Brothers in 1952 and the bears out front soon disappeared. 

Butler discovered two more bears in the Germantown neighborhood bordered by Jefferson Street. She and the new owners of those bears believed they were the missing bears from the funeral home on South Street. Michael Emrick and Phil Rush, who were neighbors in the 1200 block of 6th Avenue North, had recently bought the bears. Both men planned to display the bears in front of their homes.  

Polar Bear in side yard of the Emrick home, 2015, Metro Tax Assessor

In 2002, the Edgehill bears were offered for sale.  MDHA bought the bears and placed them in storage. In April of 2003, the Nashville City Paper, announced that the Edgehill bears were going to be permanently placed at the corner of 12th Avenue South and Edgehill, on property belonging to MDHA. In August of 2005, a celebratory unveiling of the bears took place, in the new Polar Bear Plaza. The Plaza was constructed by Mutual Contractors, LLC.

Edgehill Bears at Polar Bear Plaza, Mutual Contractors, LLC

In 2015 one of the Germantown Bears was in the front yard of the Emrick house on 6th Avenue North, near Monell's Restaurant.  I don't know the current location of the Germantown Bear owned by Phil Rush. In 2016, the Edgehill Bears seem to be safe in their little park at 12th Avenue South and Edgehill Avenue.

It has been pointed out by a reader that there are polar bear statues in Memphis. A google search of frozen custard polar bears, finds them in many spots around the USA.  Many of the images show bears identical to the Nashville bears.  Polar Bear Custard was sold all over the country and many of the shops had polar bears as decoration. From the images that I have seen, many of these "out of town" bears are identical to the Nashville polar bears. Giovacchino Mattei, may have used his molds to make and ship polar all over the country.  The website Roadside Architecture has many photos of the polar bear statues, in Nashville, Memphis and other locations. 

Mutual Contractors, LLC
Polar Bears Provide Taste of Artic, Amber North, The Tennessean, August 4, 2005
Edgehill Bears Find New Home, Nashville City Paper, April 10, 2003 
Nashville's Four Polar Bears, Gail Kerr, The Tennessean, January 17, 2001
2nd Pair of Polar Bears Reappears, Lacrisha Butler, The Tennessean, January 4, 1987
Nashville Civic Design Center Report, page 39.
The Encyclopedia of Louisville - Mattei family
Other polar bears:
Roadside Architecture
Historic Indianapolis
Memphis Landmarks
Washington, DC. Beck's Frozen Custard
Wichita, Kansas

Friday, July 8, 2016

Davidson County Tenn., map, 1901

My friend Aron Mooneyhan shared the link for the map image below, on facebook, and reminded me of what a good map it is. This map, shows many communities that no longer exist or have a different name. Some of the names on this map are post offices, others are landmarks and community names.  

When I am looking at locals maps I always look at what is most familiar to me.  My eyes fall first, to East Nashville, then scan north toward present day Inglewood, Madison, and Goodlettsville to the Sumner County line.  So many communities just in that section of the map.  The communities of East Nashville, Faro, Maplewood, Ekin, Walton, Madison, Edgefield Junction (with the word Junction left off), Union Hill and Lohman, are listed.  A familiar landmark is Taylor's Knob, now the site of Skyline Hospital. The names of many creeks are shown. I continue to examine the entire county, a section at a time.

This map is from the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection in the Perry-Castañeda Library at the University of Texas at Austin.  The library has scanned about one third of the 250,000 maps in the collection.  

Davidson Co. TN, 1901. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas at Austin.
Click here, Davidson County, 1901, to view the map image on the library website.  You may then download the map.  Right click the image of the map and choose save image as from the drop down menu.  Choose where you would like to save the file.  Once you have saved the map on your computer you can enlarge the map and more easily search and read the names on the map.

Another map of Davidson County on the University of Texas website is this 1929 map of Davidson County.

There is an older map of Davidson County on the Library of Congress website, which can be enlarged and viewed online and also can be downloaded at high resolution. Click the name of the map to view.  This is the 1871 Foster's Map of Davidson County.

Foster's 1871 Map of Davidson County,

Another map from the Library of Congress website, can be enlarged and viewed online and also can be downloaded at high resolution. Click the name of the map to view.  This is a 1900 map of Davidson County

Monday, June 13, 2016

Eastview, An Historic Inglewood Home.

It is painful to see the old Inglewood going away, house by house.  Everyone feels comfortable with the familiar landmarks of old.  Finding something new and different on the landscape is not always pleasing.  Over the years, I have researched many old homes and buildings in Nashville.  Often I do this just to satisfy my own curiosity, and then file the information away. 

A recent facebook image post by Metro Nashville Archives, reminded me of the research I had conducted a few years ago on an old Inglewood Home.  The house is located at 3613 Gallatin Pike.  It is back off the road, behind several commercial buildings, located along the front edge of the property. 

Google Image, June 2016

I first became aware of the house in the 1970's. From all appearances it had been divided into several apartments that were being rented as residential units, at that time. My research as usual, included deed records, newspapers and city directories. I thought I had seen the house on the Historic Nashville website managed by Marty Evans.  A quick google search located a photo of Eastview there.  Marty graciously sent me front and back scans of the images which turned out to be a postcard.  

Eastview Tourist Home ca 1930's,  Marty Evans image (front), used with permission. 

Eastview Tourist Home ca 1930's,  Marty Evans image (back), used with permission. 

This house is located on land that was originally a part of the William Williams property.  Williams owned land, several hundred acres, on both sides of Gallatin Pike, through the heart of Inglewood. 

Williams sold the land, 6 and 3/8 acres, in 1853, to Stephen and Elizabeth Matthias.  Stephen Matthias and his son Thomas were brick layers, according to the 1850 census for Davidson County.  Matthias built a house on the land, probably of brick.  The father, Stephen Matthias lived in his home on Gallatin Pike until his death in January of 1859.  His wife Elizabeth Scoot Matthias, continued to live on the property until her death, many years later, in 1888.  

Tennessean, Sun, Feb 5, 1888

Land records show that James Marrin bought that property in 1904 (6 and 3/8 acres) for $1600. The cost seems to indicate there was not a house of any consequence on the property at the time of purchase. I believe that the current house on the property was likely built by Mr. Marrin.  He and his family lived there until he sold the property, in 1917, to W. D. Bateman and his wife Mollie. After the Bateman's, Max and Angie Benz owned the property for several years. It changed hands a lot, as the 20th century passed by. 

In 1934 Jere Baxter Lodge # 742 purchased the house. From 1939 until about 1946 the address was listed in city directories as the East View Tourist Home. In 1947 the directories began using the number 3611 and number 3613 was no longer used. 

Tennessean February 11, 1934

 It was in 1947, that Jere Baxter Masonic Lodge is listed at the address along with Inglewood Cleaners which was likely in a building in front of the old house. Other business are listed there from that time on, located in the commercial strip built in front of the house. Jere Baxter Lodge was still there in 1959. During the 1930's and 40's, several Masonic events were announced in local papers as being held at Inglewood Hall, 3611 Gallatin Pike.

Today the house is standing, and in use as an antique mall.  Farmhouse Art and Antiques is open Wednesday through Sunday.  Call (615) 262-7879 to check hours of operation. Check the farmhouse page.